“As President of the General Assembly at its sixty-sixth session, I solemnly appeal to all Member States to demonstrate their commitment to the Olympic Truce for the 2012 London Olympic and Paralympic Games, and to undertake concrete actions at the local, national, regional and world levels to promote and strengthen a culture of peace and harmony based on the spirit of the Truce. Referring to the original tradition of the Olympic Truce practiced in ancient times, as described in resolution 66/5, I also call upon all warring parties of current armed conflicts around the world to boldly agree to true mutual ceasefires for the duration of the Olympic Truce, thus providing an opportunity to settle disputes peacefully.” Read the Solemn appeal made by the President of the General Assembly on 28 June 2012 in connection with the observance of the Olympic Truce.
Once in London, Bike4truce riders and greeters have been welcome by Anti War Protesters at the Houses of Parliament , have been displaced by the Police and have anyway unrolled a huge banner that says:
Why is the Olympic Truce not respected?
Why have armed conflicts not been stopped?
During the bike4truce trip, the troupe directed by Peter Ranalli have been shooting videos that will feed a web documentary scheduled to be launched on June 2013.
The General Assembly adopted resolution 66/5 on 17 October. In that resolution, the Assembly urged Member States to observe, within the framework of the Charter of the United Nations, the Olympic Truce, individually and collectively, throughout the period beginning with the start of the Games of the XXX Olympiad, on 27 July, and ending with the close of the XIV Paralympic Games, on 9 September, the vision of which is to inspire lasting change.
The OLOS Foundation actively asks the international community to support discussion inciting future Olympic Truce resolutions being passed through the United Nations Security Council, as opposed to the General Assembly as Olympic Truce resolutions are adopted through at the present. What is unique about a binding Olympic Truce resolution is that it might just work.
Each Games has its own interpretation of the Olympic Truce. For Vancouver 2010, athletes set aside their political, religious and social differences and competed on a level playing field in the pursuit of excellence. And to make this message more relevant to everyday individuals, beyond the athletes and participants, the Vancouver Organizing Committee for the Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games (VANOC) created the Make Your Peace program. The Make Your Peace Program has extended the Olympic values of friendship and respect through an open invitation to make your peace. In essence, individuals are encouraged to create everyday peace at home, school, work and in the community, based on the belief that lasting peace starts at the local level. A uniquely Canadian interpretation of a truce “wall” in the athletes’ villages was provided by VANOC. At past Games, the wall has largely been a place for athletes and officials to sign declarations endorsing the United Nations Truce Resolution and the principles embodied in the truce. The Vancouver 2010 Olympic Truce installations has been located in the Vancouver and Whistler athletes’ villages and unveiled to the athletes prior to the start of the Olympic Winter Games. Read the resolution for the Vancouver 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games (http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/64/4)
During the opening ceremony at the Olympic Games in Beijing, the international community, in particular the United Nations, expressed many positive comments on the importance of the Games and the value of sport altogether to promote development and peace world-wide. Read the United Nations Secretary General’s message
The Peace and Friendship Wall was inaugurated on 1st August in the Beijing Olympic Village, in presence of the IOC and BOCOG Presidents and numerous invitees from the Olympic Movement. Hundreds of athletes, officials and visitors added their signature and showed their support to the Olympic Truce ideal throughout the Games.
The 62nd UN General Assembly adopted a resolution on the Olympic Truce in preparation for the Olympic Games in Beijing. Read the original document ( http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N07/464/01/PDF/N0746401.pdf?OpenElement)
During the Opening of the Olympic Winter Games in Turin, IOC President Jacques Rogge launched a strong appeal for peace, backed up by an impressive dove composed of human bodies and a peace song sung on stage by Yoko Ono and Peter Gabriel.
The 60th UN General Assembly adopted a resolution on the Olympic Truce in preparation for the Olympic Winter Games in Turin. Read the original document ( http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N05/488/02/PDF/N0548802.pdf?OpenElement )
More than 300 world wide personalities have signed the Truce appeal. Many of them also signed the Truce Wall created by the Greek Government during the 2004 Athens Games.
The 58th UN General Assembly adopted a resolution on the Olympic Truce in preparation for the Olympic Games in Athens. Read the original document (http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N03/453/27/PDF/N0345327.pdf?OpenElement )
The 56th UN General Assembly adopted a resolution on the Olympic Truce in preparation for the Olympic Winter Games in Salt Lake City. Read the original document ( http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N01/489/96/PDF/N0148996.pdf?OpenElement)
In 2000, the International Olympic Truce Centre and International Olympic Truce Foundation were formed. As proof of the solidarity of the Olympic Truce, the North and South Korean delegates walked into the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games in Sydney under the same flag. Delegates have been working ever since to promote the importance of the Olympic Truce as well as the idea of peace not only in the world of sports but around the globe in general.
The United Nations Millenium Summit held in New York from 6 to 8 September 2000, which gathered more than 150 Heads of State and Government, adopted a Millennium declaration that included a paragraph on the observance of the Olympic Truce. During the Opening Ceremony of the Games of the XXVII Olympiad in Sydney, the South and North Korean delegations paraded in the stadium together under the flag of the Korean peninsula.
180 United Nations Member-States, a record number, co-sponsor a resolution in support of the observance of the Olympic Truce during the Games of the XXVII Olympiad in Sydney, Australia. Read the original document ( http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N00/237/99/PDF/N0023799.pdf?OpenElement )
Greek Minister for Foreign Affairs George Papandreou presents the proposal of Greece for the institutional consolidation of Olympic Truce in the new millennium to the members of the International Olympic Committee. The observance of Olympic Truce according to United Nations resolutions offers an opportunity to United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan to intervene to seek a diplomatic resolution to the crisis in Iraq. During the month of February 1998, the Nagano Winter Olympic Games were at their height. Amidst fear that a US-led invasion of Iraq could endanger the security of not only U.S. athletes, but all competitors and participants from around the world gathered in Nagano for the Games, the International Olympic Committee was one of the first to rally behind the United Nations Olympic Truce resolution to maintain peace during the period of the Games. The International Olympic Committee made this appeal with utmost diplomacy: While stressing that they were not attempting to influence American foreign policy, [Olympic] officials said they hoped that the United States and other countries that have signed a United Nations resolution pledging peace during the Winter and Summer Olympics would adhere to their pledges.(Burleson, Cindy: The ancient Olympic Truce in modern-day peacekeeping, revisiting ekeckeria -2011_Tf-J Chicago-Uk Endnotes-Bib.RTF)
The resolution of the 52th Session of the United Nations General Assembly supports the idea of building a peaceful and better world through sport and the Olympic Ideal. Read the original document (http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N97/776/05/PDF/N9777605.pdf?OpenElement )
The "Athens 2004" bid committee makes a commitment to revive the Olympic Truce and to promote it in the world through the Olympic Flame Relay.
The resolution of the 50th Session of the United Nations General Assembly supports the idea of building a peaceful and better world through sport and the Olympic Ideal. The IOC president attended the UN General Assembly for the first time in history. Read the original document ( http://www.un.org/documents/ga/res/48/a48r011.htm)
The Olympic Winter Games in Lillehammer, Norway, revive hope in conflict-torn Sarajevo, host city of the 1984 Olympic Winter Games. After coordinated diplomatic efforts, the Olympic Truce is observed, giving the opportunity to an International Olympic Committee delegation headed by its president to visit the city and extend its solidarity to the population. Beginning in 1994, the President of the General Assembly began making a Solemn Appeal for the observance of a truce during the Olympics
Starting 1993, the General Assembly of the United Nations has regularly expressed its support - one year prior to each edition of the Olympics - through an ad hoc resolution inviting Member States to observe the Truce and solemnly recognize its importance. Since 2000 this has been enshrined in a special paragraph of the Millennium Declaration. During its 48th Session, the United Nations General Assembly urges its Member States to observe the Olympic Truce. Read the original document ( http://www.un.org/documents/ga/res/48/a48r011.htm)
After a period of repeated boycotts, the Games of the XXVth Olympiad in Barcelona finally brought together athletes from the entire world and enabled South Africa, after an absence of 27 years and following the abolition of the ignoble policy of apartheid, to return to the Olympic movement in the presence of President Nelson Mandela, a personality of universal charisma and the incarnation of the struggle against all forms of racial discrimination. Thus, in 1992, IOC launched an appeal for the observance of the Olympic Truce in the interests of dialogue, reconciliation and peace throughout the world.
This was the framework within which the IOC succeeded in enabling Yugoslav athletes to attend the Games of the XXVth Olympiad in Barcelona, under the Olympic flag, without any indication of nationality and despite the embargo imposed by the United Nations Security Council.
The IOC also reached an understanding with the states of the former Soviet Union whereby they were able to participate as a single team.
As the pioneer of the modern Olympic Games Pierre de Coubertin incorporated the idea of peace in this movement. Coubertin was convinced that peace education could only be effective if theoretical learning was accompanied by personal experience. Olympic sport was the very means to achieve this aim. Sport in the sense should become an instrument to reform economy and politics and thus society as a whole: “The Olympic Games will be a potent, if indirect factor in securing universal peace”. “Wars break out because nations misunderstand each other. We shall not have peace until the prejudices which now separate the different races shall have been outlived. To attain this end, what better means than to bring the youth of all countries periodically together for amicable trials of muscular strength and agility?” (Pierre de Coubertin 1896). Coubertin was convinced that peace education could only be effective if theoretical learning was accompanied by personal experience. Olympic sport was the very means to achieve this aim. Sport in the sense should become an instrument to reform economy and politics and thus society as a whole: “[…] the Olympic Games will be a potent, if indirect factor in securing universal peace”. (2000_MÜLLER, N. (Ed.). Pierre de Coubertin. Olympism. Selected Writings. Lausanne).
Athens organizes the first Olympic Games of the modern era in 1896 . The Games of the Ist Olympiad - were a landmark in the history of Olympism as the first Olympic Games of the modern era. The first celebration of the modern Olympic Games took place in its ancient birthplace of Athens. The Games attracted 241 athletes from 14 nations, with the largest delegations coming from Greece, Germany, France and Great Britain. Evaluating and looking back on the Games of 1896 Coubertin writes in more realistic tones: “ One may be filled with a desire to see the colors of one’s club or college triumph in a national meeting, but how much stronger is the feeling when the colours of one’s own country are at stake! It was with these thoughts in mind that I sought to revive the Olympic games. I have succeeded after many efforts. [I hope] it may be a potent, if indirect, factor in securing international peace.”
The International Olympic Committee is established, with the goal of contributing to a peaceful future for humankind through the educational value of sport.
According to legend, the ancient Olympic Games were founded by Heracles (the Roman Hercules), a son of Zeus. Yet the first Olympic Games for which we still have written records were held in 776 BCE (though it is generally believed that the Games had been going on for many years already). At this Olympic Games, a naked runner, Coroebus (a baker from Elis), won the sole event at the Olympics, the stade - a run of approximately 192 meters (210 yards). This made Coroebus the very first Olympic champion in history. From 776 BC Olympic Games were presumably held without fail. Greek historians used the Olympiads as a way of reckoning time that did not depend on the time reckonings of one of the city-states. (See Attic calendar.) The first to do so consistently was Timaeus of Tauromenium. Nevertheless, since for events in the early history of the games the reckoning was used in retrospect, even though Greek historians gave them dates later, it is not clear which events occurred during which Olympiad.
An Olympiad started with the games, which were held at the beginning of the Olympic new year, which fell on the full moon closest to the summer solstice. (After the introduction of the Metonic cycle about 432 BC, the start of the Olympic year was determined slightly differently). If you want to know more, see: Valerie Vaughan The Origin of the Olympics: Ancient Calendars and the Race Against Time . http://www.onereed.com/articles/vvf/olympics.html